We would like to thank the following for funding, fueling, and assisting in this research project:

The New York Public Library, for allowing public access to their Anti-Slavery Almanac collection, which can be viewed online here.

The Andrew J. Mellon Foundation, through which Hope College Mellon Scholars receive funding.

Hope College, which provides a safe, nurturing, and collaborative environment in which to explore difficult questions.

Dr. Anne Heath, Mellon Advisor

Dr. Curtis Gruenler, Mellon Professor

Laura B. McGrath, Hope College Mellon Fellow

2016-2017 Mellon Seminar Cohort, for your patience, guidance, thoughtful feedback, and companionship.